Scheda di dettaglio – i prodotti della ricerca

TitleThe Problem of Microplastics and Regulatory Strategies in Italy
KeywordsMicroplasticsFreshwaters monitoringPollutantsRegulation
TypeContributo in volume
AuthorsClaudia Campanale, Carmine Massarelli, Giuseppe Bagnuolo, Ilaria Savino, Vito Felice Uricchio
Text416433 2019 10.1007/6982019419 Microplastics Freshwaters monitoring Pollutants Regulation The Problem of Microplastics and Regulatory Strategies in Italy Claudia Campanale, Carmine Massarelli, Giuseppe Bagnuolo, Ilaria Savino, Vito Felice Uricchio Water Research Institute Italian National Research Council, Bari, Italy The term microplastics was first used in 2004 to describe very small fragments of plastic 50 m in the water column and in sediments. In 2009, Arthur et al. Proceedings of the International ResearchWorkshop on the Occurrence, Effects and Fate of Microplastic Marine Debris, Sep 9 11, 2008. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OR R 30. 49 p, 2009 proposed that microplastics should include all fragments <5 mm. Over the past decade, microplastic debris in both marine and freshwater systems has become an emerging environmental issue. Currently, the topic ofmicroplastics is regulated at the European level only in the marine environment with the Marine Strategy Framework Directive MSFD , ignoring that a very high percentage of microplastics that reach the sea come from inland waters and are closely connected with consumption styles. Recently, the Italian Parliament has adopted a proposal of the ItalianNGOMarevivo to forbidmicrobeads scrub particles in cosmetics as of 2020. In addition, Italy has been the first country in the world to ban plastic non biodegradable cotton buds as of 1 January 2019. In this way, the excellence of the Italian cosmetic industry focuses on the environment and on sustainability an example that we hope will be emulated in other sectors. Although 70 95% of the marine litter, including microplastics, comes from the land environment, studies of microplastics in freshwater systems are limited in comparison to those focused on marine habitats. Rivers and inland waters are responsible for microplastics transport to marine habitats and could represent a vector for the downstream transport of pollutants suggesting an overlooked and potentially significant component of the global microplastics life cycle. In this frame, the MICROPLASMA MIcro and maCRO PLAStic pollution Monitoring with Advanced technologies research project funded by Apulia region aims to set up an integrated and innovative monitoring system along an urban river located in South Italy focusing on the seasonal and spatial trends of plastic wastes. Plastics in the Aquatic Environment Part II Stakeholders Role against Pollution, Hdb Env Chem, DOI 10.1007/698_2019_419, © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019 Published version Capitolo Campanale et al., 2019 Campanale2019_Chapter_TheProblemOfMicroplasticsAndRe.pdf Contributo in volume claudiacampanale CAMPANALE CLAUDIA vitofelice.uricchio URICCHIO VITO FELICE carmine.massarelli MASSARELLI CARMINE giuseppe.bagnuolo BAGNUOLO GIUSEPPE