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Title3.1.4 Descriptive report on water management in Italian Pr site_ENG_UFF
Keywordswater managementmonitoringdrinking water
TypeRapporto di ricerca (Research report)
AuthorsMassarelli C., Calabrese A., Uricchio V.F., Campanale C.
Text347471 2013 water management monitoring drinking water 3.1.4 Descriptive report on water management in Italian Pr site_ENG_UFF Massarelli C., Calabrese A., Uricchio V.F., Campanale C. irsa cnr In Italy, according to seasons, there are natural water variations which are reflected in a different availability through a year. Currently, this natural water cycle availability is being increasingly threatened from a variety of different pressures, exposing water ecosystems and societies to man made shortages and excesses of water. As we said, the main aspects altering water cycle and inducing water vulnerability can be summarized in 1. change in land use first major driver ; 2. water abstraction; 3. agricultural practices highly dependent on irrigation; 4. climate change since 1880, the average length of summer heat waves has doubled in Europe exacerbating the frequency and severity of both droughts and floods . It is important that human water use seeks to avoid situations of water vulnerability respecting the local ecological flow improving the best use of water in regard to needs at different times of the year to maintain a better water ecosystem. These risk management measures must view water as a resource to be managed in an integrated way water management and policy areas have not to be considered as separate. Furthermore preventive measures to be applied can decrease flood and drought impacts and reduce the time we have insufficient water quality so that a lower societal cost will be if compared to a crisis approach that focuses on response and recovery actions to limit damage during and after an event. European Policies indicate as extremely important the cross compliance currently we have not yet fully taken advantage of the synergies between water policy and agricultural policy, so that are ongoing proposals to receive agricultural subsidies on meeting objectives in the Water Framework Directive. The implementing of these proposals can lead to a significant decrease in agricultural pressures caused by water abstractions or hydromorphological changes. Another aspect needs to be developed in synergy with the former the correct application of Regional Policy including the EU s cohesion policy from integrating a water management perspective to influence decisions on land use and changes in land use, one of the main causes of water vulnerability. Regional policy can favour changes in land use introducing natural water retention measures NWRMs to our landscapes aiming to safeguard the landscape s natural storage capacity by restoring or enhancing the natural characteristics of the water body. NWRMs include the restoration of wetlands, increases in forest cover, and enhancements of the natural features of floodplains. In cities, NWRMs include sealing surfaces with permeable materials or creating areas of unsealed land where water can seep to the ground. Many of these natural water retention measures are already cost effective in that they are cheaper to implement than dealing with the effects of flooding or drought. Any future climate change scenario will only make the implementation of NWRMs even more cost efficient WATER.GUARD SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SAFEGUARDING DRINKING WATER MIS CODE 902025 ACTION 3.1 Current state analysis on project sites Rapporto di ricerca Research report claudiacampanale CAMPANALE CLAUDIA vitofelice.uricchio URICCHIO VITO FELICE angelantonio.calabrese CALABRESE ANGELANTONIO carmine.massarelli MASSARELLI CARMINE TA.P02.031.001 Impatto dei cambiamenti climatici sulla gestione delle risorse idriche