Mammals of Italy: an annotated checklist
Anna Loy, Gaetano Aloise, Leonardo Ancillotto, Francesco Maria Angelici, Sandro Bertolino, Dario Capizzi, Riccardo Castiglia, Paolo Colangelo, Longino Contoli, Bruno Cozzi, Diego Fontaneto, Luca Lapini, Nicola Maio, Andrea Monaco, Emiliano Mori, Armando Nappi, Michela Podestà, Danilo Russo, Maurizio Sarà, Massimo Scandura, Giovanni Amori
Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy, 2019

Abstract

Checklists represent a basic tool for conservation and management of regional faunas. However, our knowledge on species composition in a territory changes over time due to species movements across borders, extinctions, introductions, as well as to new taxonomic evidence. We aimed to provide the most updated data on native and non-native species of mammals occurring, or that used to occur until recently, on the Italian political territory and seas. The checklist only includes species whose taxonomic status was explicitly agreed in the most recent peer-reviewed literature and based on the most updated taxonomic approaches. For each species, we provided the following information: scientific and common name, global and Italian range, relevant information for management and conservation (e.g. whether it is endemic, allochthonous, or listed in international regulations and red list assessments), as well as remarks on taxonomy and distribution. This new check list of Italian mammal fauna includes nine marine and 114 terrestrial species, belonging to seven orders (Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Chiroptera, Carnivora, Cetartiodactyla, Rodentia, Lagomorpha), and 28 families. Vespertilionidae represents the richest family (n=27 species), followed by Cricetidae (n=12) and Soricidae (n=11). The list includes 15-16 allocthonous species. Considering the relative small size of the country, Italy is confirmed as a hotspot of mammal diversity in Europe, hosting the highest species richness in relation to the total area.

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